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Genetics notes

14 Jun Genetics Notes. 2. What is Genetics Genetics is a branch of biology that deals with characteristics that are inherited from one generation to the next. Genetics is the study of genes. 3. Molecular Basis of Inheritance The blueprint for the development and appearance of each individual is contained. Genetics is the study of how genes bring about characteristics, or traits, in living things and how those characteristics are inherited. Genes are specific sequences of nucleotides that code for particular proteins. Through the processes of meiosis and sexual reproduction, genes are transmitted from one generation to the next. Genetics Notes. Vocabulary. ▫ Genetics – the study of heredity. ▫ Heredity – the study of characteristics that are inherited from parents. ▫ Fertilization – occurs in sexual reproduction when male and female reproductive cells join and produce a new cell that develops into an embryo. ▫ Trait – specific characteristics – vary from .

12, Bacterial Genetics: Transposition, CK (PDF). 13, Bacterial Genetics: Transduction, CK (PDF). 14, Complementation in Bacteria: Plasmids, CK (PDF). 15, Complementation in Bacteria: Recombinant DNA, CK (PDF). 16, Prokaryotic Regulation: Negative Control, CK (PDF). 17, Prokaryotic Regulation: Positive Control. GENETICS Is the study of inheritance of characteristics or the study of transmission of characteristics/traits from the parents to the off springs. Simplified illustrations: sexual union parents Male X female ↓ ↓ Gametes sperms eggs ↘ ↙ fertilization (Zygote) ↓ Growth and development Off springs (sexually mature individual. Gene: A set of instructions that codes for 1 feature. It is a small section of DNA. It is usually regarded as the smallest unit of heredity and is located on a chromosome. Chromosome: a threadlike strand of DNA that carries genes. DNA: An instruction manual containing all the genetic codes for making an entire individual.

Date: ______ Period: ______. Genetics and Heredity. S8.B What is DNA? ▣. Cells use a chemical code called deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA. ▣. DNA carries all of the cell's instructions. ▣. DNA is located in the nucleus. ▣. During cell division it wraps around proteins to form chromosomes. ▣. DNA is passed from. Kapiel, T. (). Lecture notes:Principles of Genetics (SGS ). Educational Book for Theoretical Course for Dentistry Students, Faculty of Dentistry, MSA University. The aim of this course is to provide students with a strong basic knowledge of the two major areas of modern genetics: molecular genetics and population. Cell Biology and Genetics Lecture 1 – Introduction to Cells Cell Theory - Discovered by Robert Hooke ~ coined the term 'cell'. - Arises only from pre- existing cells. - Cells are an organisms basic unit of structure and function. - The cell is the lowest level of organisation that can perform all activities required for life. Single.


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